The Gospel Luke was written by Luke, in Caesarea and was completed in c. 56-58 C.E. The duration covered is 3 B.C.E – 33 C.E. Luke the Bible writer was a man with a Keen mind and kind heart, and this fine blend of qualities, with the guidance of God’s spirit, has resulted in an account that is both accurate and full warmth and feeling. In the opening verses, he says, “I resolved also, because I have traced all things from the start with accuracy, to write them in logical order to you.” His detailed, meticulous presentation fully bears out this claim,_ Luke 1:3.
Although Luke is nowhere named in the account, ancient authorities are agreed that he was the writer. The Gospel is attributed to Luke in the Muratorian Fragment ( c. 170 C.E) and was accepted by such second century writers as Iranaeus and Clement of Alexandria. and Internal evidence also point strongly to Luke.
Paul speaks of him at Colossians 4:14 as ” Luke the beloved physician.” and his work is of the scholarly order one would expect from a well a well-educated man, such as a Doctor His fine choice of Language and extensive vocabulary, larger than that of the other three Gospel writers combined, make possible a most careful and comprehensive treatment of his vital subject. his account of the prodigal son is regarded by some as the best story ever written.
Luke uses more than 300 medical terms or words to which he gives a medical meaning that are not used in the same way ( if they are used at all) by the other writers of the Christian Greek Scriptures. For example, when speaking of leprosy, Luke does not always use the same term as the others. To them leprosy is leprosy, but to the physician, there are different stages of leprosy, as when Luke speaks of “a man full of leprosy.” Lazarus, he says was “full of ulcers.” No other Gospel writer says that Peter’s mother -in – law had ” a high fever.” (5:12; 16:20; 4:38)
Although the other three tell us of Peter’s cutting off the ear of the slave of the high priest, only Luke mentions that Jesus healed him. (22:51). Luke was not, of course, an eyewitness of all the events he records in his Gospel, not being one of the 12 and probably not even a believer until after Jesus death. However, he was very closely associated with Paul in the missionary field. (2 Tim. 4:11; Philem. 24)
So we can basically see that his writing was influenced by the Apostle Paul, when we compare the two account of Paul and Luke of the Lord’s Evening Meal, at Luke 22:19,20 and 1 Corinthians 11:23-25. Through out Looks account he proves himself to be an outstanding narrator, his account being well arrange and accurate.