The Bible book of John was written by the Apostle John, in Ephesus or near and was completed in c. 98 C.E. But After Prologue 29-33 C.E. The Gospel records of Matthew , Mark, Luke had been circulating for over 30 years and had come to been treasured by first – century Christians as the works of men inspired by holy spirit. Now,as the close of the century neared and the number of those who had been with Jesus dwindled, the question may well have arisen, Was there still someone who could, from personal memories,fill in precious details of the ministry of Jesus?
Yes,there was. The aged John had been singularly blessed in his association with Jesus. He was apparently among the first of John the Baptizer’s disciples to be introduced to the Lamb of God and one of the first four to be invited by the Lord to join him full-time in the ministry. ( John 1 : 35-39; Mark 1:16-20) He continue in intimate association with “Jesus loved” who reclined in front of Jesus’ bosom at the last Passover. ( JOHN 13:23; 17:1; Mark 5:37; 14:33)
He was presented at the heartbreaking scene of execution, where Jesus entrusted to him the care of His freshly mother, and it was he that outran Peter as they speed to the tomb to investigate the report that Jesus had risen. – John 19:26,27 ; 20:2-4.
Mellowed by almost 70 years in the active ministry and charged with the visions and medisle of Patmos, John was well equipped to write of things he had long treasured in his heart. Holy spirit now energized his mind to recall and set down in writing many of those precious, life-giving sayings so that each one reading ‘ might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the son of God, and that, because of believing, he might have life by means of Jesus’ name. -29:31. He was also accepted as the writer.
The intimacy of the account indicates that he was not only an apostle but one of the inner circle of three- Peter, James, and John- who accompanied Jesus on special occasions. (Matt. 17: 1Mark 5:37; 14:33) Of these, James (the son of Zebedee) is eliminated because he was martyred by Herod Agripa I about 44 C.E, long before this book was written. (Acts 12:2) Peter is eliminated because he is mentioned along with the writer at John 21:20-24.
Although John’s writing themselves give no definite information on the matter, it is generally believed that John wrote his Gospel after his return from exile on the island of Patmos. (Rev. 1:9) The Roman emperor Nerva,96-98 C.E., recalled many who had been exiled at the close of the reign died peacefully at Ephesus in the third year of Emperor Trajan, 100 C.E