The Bible of Proverbs was spoken by Solomon,Agur, Lemuel , in Jerusalem and was finally completed in c. 717 B.C.E. When Solomon the son of David, became King of Israel in 1037 B.C.E., he prayed to Jehovah for “wisdom and knowledge” to “Judge the nation of Israel.”Yes Jehovah really listened to him and grants him his request of ‘Knowledge and wisdom with understanding heart.'(2 Chron. 1:10-12); 1 Ki. 3:12; 4:30, 31) As a result, Solomon came ” speak three thousand ( 3,000) proverbs.” ( 1 Ki. 4:32)
Some of this spoken wisdom was recorded in the bible book of proverbs for fact studying of Jehovah’s wisdom. These proverbs sum up eternal truths and are very vital up- to -date now before uttered. The reign of Solomon was an appropriate time for providing this divine guidance. Solomon was said to ” sit upon Jehovah’s throne.” The theocratic kingdom of Israel was at its height, and Solomon was favored with surpassing ” royal dignity.” ( 1 Chron. 29:23,25)
it a was time of peace and security. But then even under the theocratic rule, the people still had their personal problems and difficulties due to human Imperfections. Everyone back then look for Solomon the wise king to help solve their problems in understandable manner. ( 1 Ki. 3:16-28). His wisdom bring a lot of people closer to God in other to regulate their lives.
The record does not say Solomon wrote proverbs. However, it say that the he ‘ spoke proverbs. as that ” he made a through search, that he might arrange many proverbs in order”‘ showing he had interest of preserving proverbs for later use. ( 1 Ki:32; Eccl. 12:9) In the time of David and Solomon, there were official secretaries in the lists of court officials. ( 2 Sam. 20:25; 2 Ki. 12:10) Whether these scribes in his court wrote and collected his proverbs, we don’t know, but the expressions of any ruler of his caliber would be highly regarded and would be normally recorded.
The is a collection complied from other collections. The book of proverbs may be divided into five(5) sections. These are; 1. Chapters 1-9, opening with the words, 2. Chapter 10-24, described as the ” proverbs of Solomon”, 3. Chapters 25-29, which division begins: These also are the proverbs of Solomon that the men of Hezekiah the king of Judah transcribed”, 4. Chapter 30, introduced as ” the words of Agur the son of Jakeh”; and 5. Chapter 31, which comprises ”
The words Lemuel the king, the weighty message that his mother gave to him in correction.” Solomon was thus the originator of the bulk of the proverbs. As to Agur and Lemuel, nothing definite is known about their identity. Some commentators suggest that Lemuel may have been another name for Solomon. The Bible book of proverb is very useful to use today.