The book of Ezra was written by Ezra, in Jerusalem, and it was completed in c. 460 B.C.E. But time covered was 537- c. 467 B.C.E. The end of the prophesied 70 years of Jerusalem’s desolation under Babylon was drawing near True, it was Babylon reputation that she never released her captives, but Jehovah word would prove stronger than Babylonian might. Release of Jehovah’s people was in sight.
Jehovah’s temple that been laid down would be rebuilt, and Jehovah’s altar would again receives sacrifice of atonement. Jerusalem again know the shout and praise of the true worshipers of Jehovah.
Jeremiah had prophesied the length of the desolation and Isaiah had prophesied how the release of the captives would come about.
Isaiah had even named Cyprus of Perisa as ‘ the shepherd of Jehovah,’ who would tumble haughty Babylon from her position as the third world power of the Bible history. -( Isaiah 44:28; 45:1,2; Jer. 25:12).
Disaster befell Babylon on the night of October 5, 539 B.C.E. (Gregoriah Calendar), as the Babylonians king Belshazzar and his grandees were drinking toast to their demon gods. Adding to their pagan debauchery, they were using the holy vessels from Jehovah’s temple as their cups of drunkenness! How surprising that Cyprus was outside Babylon walls that night to fulfill the prophecy!
This date of 539 B.C.E. is a pivotal date, that is, a date that may be harmonized with both secular and Biblical history. During his first year of reign of Babylon, Cyprus ” caused a cry-to pass through all his realm,” authorizing the Jews to go up to Jerusalem to rebuild the house of Jehovah. This decree was evidently issued in lte 538 B.C.E. or early in 527 B.C.E.
A faithful remnant journeyed back to setup the altar and offer the first sacrifices in ” the seventh month” (Tishri, corresponding to September – October) of the year 537 B.C.E. 70 years to the month after Judah.and Jerusalem desolation by Nebuckadnezzar, (Ezra 1:1-3; 3:1-6)
The Hebrew name Ezra means “Help,” The book of Ezra and Nehemiah were originally one scroll and called the two books of Ezra and Nehemiah, as do other modern Bibles, Part of the book of Ezra. ( 4:8 to 6:18 and 7:12- 26) was written in Aramaic and the remainder in Hebrew, Ezra being skilled in both Languages. The book of Ezra was not not quoted or referred directly by any Christian Greek Scripture writer but it forms part of the Bible.