The Bible book Esther was written by Mordecai, in Shushan,Elam, and it was completed in the year c. 475 B.C.E. But the total time taken to complete is from 493 – c. 475 B.C.E. Simply told, here is the story of Ahasuerus, king of Persia, thought by some to be Xerxes I, whose disobedient wife Vashti is replaced by the Jewess Esther, cousin of Mordecai and all the Jews, but he is advanced to be prime minister and the Jews are delivered.
Of course, there are those who want to say that the book of Esther is neither inspired nor beneficial but is simply a beautiful legend. They base their claim on the absence of God’s name. While it is true that God is not directly mentioned, to, the initial letters of four successive words, spelling out YHWH ( Hebrew) or Jehovah.
These initials are made especially prominent in at least three ancient Hebrew manuscripts and are also marked in the Masora by red letters. Also, at Esther 7:5 there is apparently an acrostic on the on the footnotes on Esther 1:20; 5:4, 13; 7:7, as well as 7:5. Through the record it is strongly evident that Mordecai both accepted and obeyed the law of Jehovah and refused to bow down to honor a man who probably was an Amaalekite; God had marked the Amakelekites for extermination. ( Esther 3:1,5 ; Deut. 25: 19 1 Sam. 15:3)
Mordecai’s expression at Esther 4:14 indicates that he expected deliverance from Jehovah and that he expected divine direction of the entire course of events. Esther fasting, together with similar action by the king shows reliance on God. ( Esther 4:16) Esther finding favor in the eyes of Hegai, the guardian of the women, an in the king’s sleeplessness on the night he called for the official record and found that Mordecai had not been honored for his past good deeds. ( Esther 2:8,9; 6:1-3 compare Proverbs 21:1.) There is undoubtedly a reference to prayer in the words, ” the masters of the fasts and their cry for aid.”. – Esther 9:31.
It is thought that the events of Esther are set in the days when the mighty Persian empire was at it’s peak and that they cover 18 years of the reign of Ahasuerus ( Xerxes I). The time period, extending down to about 475 B.C.E., is indicated by testimony from Greek, Persian, and Babylonian sources. Mordecai was an eyewitnesses of the major of the book. Who was Mordecai in times of the king Ahasuerus? Based on the undated cuneiform text of Ungnad of Germany as referring to Marduka (Mordecai) as a high official at the court of Susa (Shushan) during the reign of Xerxes I.