The Bible book of Romans was written by the Apostle Paul, in Corinth, and it was completed in c. 56 C.E. In Acts we watched Paul, formerly a violent persecutor of Jewish Christians, become Christ’s zealous apostle to the non-Jewish nations. With Romans we begin the 14 books of the Bible that the holy spirit inspired this former Pharisee, now a faithful servant of God , to write . By the time he wrote Romans, Paul had already completed two long preaching tours and was well along on the third.
He hard written five other inspired letters: First and second Thessalonians,Galatians, and First and Second Corinthians. Yet it seems appropriate that in our modern Bibles, Romans precedes the other, since it discusses at length the new equality between Jews and non- Jews, the two classes to whom Paul preached. It explains a turning point in God’s dealings with his people and shows that the inspired Hebrews Scriptures had long foretold that the good news would be proclaimed also to the non-Jews.
Paul, using Tertius as secretary,laces rapid argument and an astounding number of Hebrew Scripture quotations into of the most forceful books of the Christian Greek Scripture. With remarkable beauty of Language, he discusses the problems that arose when first- century Christian congregation were composed of both Jews and Greeks.
Did Jews have priority because of being Abraham’s descendants? Did mature Christians,exercising their liberty from the Mosaic Law, have the right to stumble weaker Jewish brothers who still held to ancient customs? In this letter Paul firmly established that Jesus Jews and non-Jews are equal before God and that men are declared righteous, not through the Mosaic Law,but through faith in Jesus Christ and by God’s undeserved kindness.
At the same time, God requires Christians to show proper subjection to the various authorities under which they find themselves.
How did the Roman Congregation get started? There had been a sizable Jewish community in Rome at least since the time of Pompey’s capturing Jerusalem in 63 B.CE. At Acts 2:10 it is specifically stated that some of those were in Jerusalem at Pentecost 33 C.E., where they heard the goods news preached.
The converted sojourners stayed in Jerusalem to learn from the apostles, and later the ones from Rome no doubt returned there, some probably at the time when persecution broke out in Jerusalem. The Apostle Paul was a great traveler,through him the goods got to distinct lands like Asia, and Greece as a result of his preaching work.