The bible Book of Colossians was written by the Apostle Paul, in Rome and was completed in c. 60-61 C.E. Leaving Ephesus behind them, two men traveled east through Asia Minor along the Meander (Menders) River. On reaching the tributary called Lycus, in the country of Phrygia, they swung southeast to follow the river up through the mountain- enclosed valley.
Before them was a beautiful sight; fertile green pastures with large flocks of Sheep. (Wool products were a principal source of Income for the region.) Proceeding up the valley, the travelers passed, on the right,. the wealthy city of Laodicea, center of Roman administration for the district.
To their left across the river, and arrive at Hierapolis,famous for it temples and hot springs. There were congregation both of the cities. Colossae was the destination of the travelers. They were both Christians. One of them, at least, knew the region well,as he was from Colossae. His name was Onesimus, and he was a slave returning to his master, who was a member of the congregation there.
Onesimus’ companion was Tychicus,a freeman, and both ,were envoy from the apostle Paul, caring a letter from him addressed to the ” faithful brothers in union with Christ at Colossae.” As far we know Paul never visited Colossae. The congregation which consisted of mainly the non-Jews was probably founded by Epaphras, who had labored among them and who was now with Paul in Rome. (Col. 1:2,7; 4:12).
The apostle Paul was the writer of this letter as he states in its opening and closely words ( 1:1; 4:18) His conclusion also show he write this letter from prison.What prompted Paul to write a letter to the Colossians? For one reason, Onesimus was going back to Colossae. Epaphras had recently joined Paul. and no doubt his report on conditions at Colossae provided a further reason for the letter. (Col. 1:7, 8; 4:12)
A certain danger threatened the Christian congregation there. The religions of the day were in the process of dissolution , and new religions were constantly being formed by fusing parts of old ones. There were heathen philosophies involving asceticism, spirit-ism, and idolatrous superstition, and these, combined with Jewish abstinence from foods and observance of days,may have influenced on the Congregation.