The Bible book of Ephesians was written by the Apostle Paul, in Rome and was completed in 60-61 C.E. Imagine that you are in prison. You are there because of being persecuted for your zealous activity as a Christian Missionary. Now that you can no longer travel and visit the congregation? Can you not write letters to those who have become Christians through your preaching work?
Are they not probably wondering how you are, and are they not probably in need of encouragement? Of course they are ! So you begin to write. You are now doing exactly what the apostle Paul did when he was imprisoned in Rome the first time, about 59-61 C.E. He had appealed to Caesar, and although waiting trial and under guard, he had freedom for some activity. Paul wrote his letter “To the Ephesians” from Rome, probably 60 or 61 C.E., and sent it by Tychicus, who was accompanied by Onesimus. Eph. 6:21; Col. 4:7-9.
Paul identifies himself as the writer in the very first word and four times refers or alludes to himself as ” the prisoner in the LORD.” (Eph. 1:1; 3:1,13; 4:1; 6:20) Argument against Paul’s writer-ship have come to nothing. The Chester Beatty Papyrus. No.2 (Page 46), believed to be from about 200 C.E Epistles. Among them is the epistle to the Ephesians, thus showing that it was grouped among his letters at that time.
Early ecclesiastical writer confirm that Paul wrote the letter and that it was “To the Ephesians.” For example, Irenaeus, of the second century C., quoted Ephesians 5:30 as follows: “As the blessed Paul says in the epistle to the Ephesians, that we are members of his body.” Clement of Alexandria, of the same period, quoted Ephesians 5:21 in reporting: “Wherefore, also in the epistle to the Ephesians he writes, Be subject one to another in the fear of God.”Origen,writing in the first half of the third century C.E., quotes Ephesians 1:4 in saying:
” But also the apostle in the epistle to the Ephesians, uses the same language when he says, who chose us before the foundation of the word.” Eusebius, another authority on early Christian history ( c. 260- 342 C.E), Including Ephesians in the Bible canon, and most other early ecclesiastical writers make references to Ephesians as part of the inspired Scriptures. Now, while in prison, Paul is thinking of the problems faced by the Ephesian congregation, surrounded by pagan worshipers and in the shadow of the awe-inspiring temple of Artemis.
These anointed Christians no doubt needed the fitting illustration Paul now gives them, showing that they comprise ” a holy temple,” in which Jehovah dwells by his spirit. (Eph. 2:21) ” The sacred secret” being revealed to the Ephesians, concerning God’s administration ( his way of managing his house hold affairs) by which would restore unity and peace through Jesus Christ, was unquestionably a great inspiration and comfort to them.