This first book of Timothy was written by The Apostle Paul , in Macedonia and was completed in 61-64 C.E. Paul life ends in the book of Acts in Rome awaiting the outcome of his appeal to Caesar.Paul is shown as dwelling in his own hired house, preaching the kingdom of God to all who came to him , and doing so with the greatest freeness of speech, without hindrance.(Acts 28:30,31)
But in his second letter to Timothy, Paul writes: “I am suffering evil to point of prison bonds as an evildoer,” and he speaks of his death as imminent.(2 Tim. 2:9;4:6-8)What a change! In the first instance, he was an honorable prisoner,in the second, as a felon.
What had happened between the time of Luke’s comment on Paul’s situation in 61 C.E., at the end of the two years in Rome,and Paul’s own writing to Timothy, which appears to have written shortly before his death?
The Second Bible book of Timothy
The second book of Timothy was also written by the Apostle Paul,in Rome and was definitely completed c. 65 C.E. Once again Paul was a prisoner in Rome. However, the circumstances of this second imprisonment were much more severe than those of the first.
it is was approximately 65 C.E. a great fire had swept through Rome in July 64 C.E., causing extensive damage in 10 of the city’s 14 regions. According to the Roman historian Tacitus, Emperor Nero was unable to “banish the sinister belief that the conflagration was the result of an order.
Consequently, to get rid of the report, Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class hated for their abominations,called christian by the populace. An immense multitude was convicted, not so against mankind. Mockery of every sort was added to their deaths. Covered with the skins of beasts,nailed to crosses, or mere doomed to the flames and burnt , to serve as a nightly illumination when daylight had expired. Nero offered his gardens for the spectacle……There arose a feeling of compassion; for it was not as it seemed, for the public good, but to glut one man’s cruelty, that they were being destroyed.”*
This time likely about the time of this wave violent persecution that Paul again found himself a prisoner in Rome. This time he was in chains. He did not expert to be released but waited only final judgement.Hence it was very difficult to identify yourself opening as a christian was to run the risk of arrest and death by torture.
But Paul write appreciatively concerning his visitor from Ephesus: “May the LORD grant mercy to the household of Onesiphorus, did not become he often brought refreshment, and he did not become ashamed of my chains. On the Contrary, when he happened to be Rome, he diligently looked for me and found me.