This bible book was written by the Apostle Paul, in Rome and this was completed in c. 60-61 C.E. When the apostle Paul received the calls in a vision to carry the goods news into Macedonia, he and his companions, Luke, Silas, and young Timothy, were quick to obey. From Troas in Asia Minor, they traveled by ship to Neopolis and set out at once for Philippi, about 9.5 miles Island over a mountain pass.
The city is described by Luke as ” The principal city of the district of Macedonia.It was named Philippi after the Macedonia King Philip ii ( Father of Alexander the Great) who captured the city in 356 B.C.E. Later,it was taken by Romans. It was the site of decisive battles in 42 B.C.E. That helped to strengthen the Position of Octavian, who later became Caeasar Augustus. In Commemoration of the victory, he made Philippi a Roman Colony.
When Paul’s arrives in the city of Rome he first preach to the Jews in 50 CE in Philippi. He found this few number apparently with out a synagogue, for they used to meet for prayer on a riverbank outside the town. Paul’s preaching quickly bore fruits, one of the first convert is Lydia,a businesswoman and Jewish proselyte., who readily embraced the truth about the Christ and insisted that the travelers stay at her house. ” She just made us come” writes Luke.
Opposition was soon encountered. however and Paul and Silas were beaten with rods and then imprisoned. While they were in the prison, an earthquake occurred and the Jailer and his family, listening to Paul and Silas became believers. The next day Paul and Silas were released from prison were Silas were released from prison, and they visited brothers at home of Lydia and encouraged them before leaving the city. Paul’s carried with him vivid memories of the tribulations surrounding the birth of the new congregation in Philippi. (Acts 16:9-40).
A few years later, during his third missionary tour, Paul was again able to visit the Christian Congregation in Philippians. After about ten years after the first establishing the congregation. The expression of love of the brothers in Philippians encourage Paul to write them a letter called Philippians which was preserved in the holy scriptures.