The second book of Samuel was written by Gad and Nathan, in Israel and was completed in c.1040 B.C.E. But the total time covered before it completion was 1077 B.C.E c. 1040 B.C.E. The nation Israel was in despair over the disaster of Gilboa and the resulting in roads by victorious Philistines. The leaders of Israel and the flower of its young men lay dead. In this setting the young “anointed of Jehovah,” David the son of Jesse, moved fully onto the national scenes. ( 2 Sam 19:21)
Thus commences the book of second Samuel and David. its narrative is filled with action of every sort. We are carried from the depths of defeat to the pinnacle of victory, from the distresses of a strife – torn nation to the prosperity of united kingdom , from the vigor to the wisdom of advanced years. Hence is the initiate account of David’s life as he sought to follow Jehovah with all his heart. it is an account that should cause searching of heart on the part of his own relationship and standing with his Creator.
Actually, Samuel’s name did not even appear in the second of book of Samuel.
it was the prophet Nathan and Gad, who completed the first book of Samuel continued on writing the second Samuel. ( 1 Chron. 29:29). Both of the prophets were qualified for this task. The prophets called Gad had been with David when he was hunted outlaw in Israel, and toward the end of David’s 40 – year reign, he was still actively associate with the king.
Overlapping and extending beyond the period of Gad’s lifetime was the activity of Nathan the prophet, a close association of David.
He was very privilege to make known Jehovah’s significant covenant with David with, the covenant for an everlasting kingdom. He was very courageous and under inspiration pointed out David’s great sin involving Bath-Sheba and the penalty for it. ( 2 Sam 7:1-17; 12: 1-15). Thus Jehovah use Nathan whose name means ” (God) has Given.” and Goad whose name means “Good for Fortune,” to record the inspired and beneficial information in Second Samuel.
These unassuming historians id not seek to preserve memory of themselves, as no information is given of their ancestry or personal lives. They sought only to preserve the record inspired by God, for the benefit of future worshipers of Jehovah