The Bible book of Ezekiel was written by Ezekiel, in Babylon, and was completed from the year c. 591 B.C.E. But the total time taken before it completion was from 613- c. 591 B.C.E. In the year 617 B.C.E ., Jehoiachin, king of Judah, surrendered Jerusalem to Nebuchanezzar, who took the foremost people of the land and the treasures of the house of Jehovah and of the king’s house to Babylon.
Among the captivities were the king’s family and the princes; the valiant, mighty men; the craftsmen and builders; and Ezekiel the son of Buzi the priest. ( 2 Ki. 24:11-17; Ezek. 1:1-3) With heavy hearts, these exiled Israelite’s had completed their weary journey from a land of hills,springs, and valley to one vast level plains .
Now they lived by river Chebar in midst of the mighty empire, surrounded by people of strange customs and pagan worship Nebuchadnezzar permitted the Israelites to have their own house,keep servants, and engage in business. ( Ezek.8:1; Jer.29:5-7; Ezra 2:65) if industrious they called become prosperous , would fall in traps of Babylonian religion and materialism? Would theay continue to rebel against Jehovah?
Would they accept their exile as discipline. They would meet new test ahead of them. During their critical years leading down to the destruction of Jerusalem, Jehovah never deprive himself or the Israelite’s of the service of a prophets. Jeremiah was stationed in Jerusalem itself, Daniel was in the court of Babylonia. Ezekiel was the prophets to the Jewish exiles in Babylonia. Ezekiel was both a priest and prophets, a distinction likewise enjoyed by Jeremiah and later by Zechariah. ( Ezekiel 1:3)
Throughout this book he is referred as “son man” about 90 times, point of significance when studying his prophecy, because in the Christian Greek Scriptures, Jesus is Similarly referred to as “Son of Man” nearly 80 times. (Ezek. 2:1; Matt. 8:20)
His name Ezekiel in Hebrew is called Yechez.qe’l. Which s imply means ” Gos Strengthens.” It was in the fifth year of Jehoiachin’s exile 613 B.C.E., That Ezekiel was commissioned by Jehovah as prophets. In the year 27th year year of the exile, 22 years later he still performing his commissioned. He was married , but his wife died on the day that Nebuchadnezzar began his final siege on Jerusalem. ( 24:2,18) The date and manner of his own death are unknown.