The Bible book of Lamentations was written by Jeremiah, near Jerusalem, and was completed in 607 B.C.E.This book of the inspired Scriptures is certainly well named. it is lament expressing deep sorrow over that calamitous happening in the history of God’s chosen people, the destruction of Jerusalem in 607 B.C.E. By Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon.

In Hebrews this book is named by it first row, ‘Eh.khah’!, meaning ” How!” The translators of the Greek Septuagint called the book Thre’noi, which means “Dirges; Laments.” The Babylonian Talmud uses the term Qi.nohth which means ” Dirges; Elegies.” It was Jerome, writing in Latin, who named it Lamentations, from which the English title comes first.

In English versions of the Bible, Lamentations is placed after Jeremiah, but in the Hebrew canon, it is usually found in Hagiographa, or writings, along with The song of Solomon, Ruth,Ecclesiastes, and Esther- a small groups collectively known a the five ( Meghil.lohth’) ( Rolls). In some modern Hebrews Bibles , it is placed between Ruth or Esther and Ecclesiastes, but in ancient copies it said to have followed Jeremiah, as it does in our Bible today.

The book does not name the writer. Yet, there is little doubt it was Jeremiah. In the Greek Septuagint, the book carries this preface: And it occurred that, after Israel was taken to captive and Jerusalem was destroyed, Jeremiah sat down crying and lamented with this Lamentation over Jerusalem. However, the ascribing of Lamentations to Jeremiah is the accepted tradition of the Jews and confirmed by the Syriac version, the , the Latin Vulgate the Targum of Jonathan, and the Babylonian, and among others.