The Bible book of Nahum was written by Nahum, in Judah and the writing was completed in the year before 623 B.C.E. ” The name Nahum in Hebrew is called Na.chum’ which means ” Comforter.The pronouncement against Nineveh.” ( Nah. 1: 1) Nahum’s prophecy opens this these ominous words. But why did he make this declaration of doom? What is known of ancient Nineveh? Nineveh the about it is summarized by Nahum in three words: ” city of bloodshed. ” ( Nahum 3:1)
Two mounds located on the east bank of Trigris River opposite the modern city of Mosul, in the northern Iraq, mark the site of ancient Nineveh. It was heavily fortified by walls and moats and was the capital of the Assyrian Empire in the latter part of its history.
However, the origin of the city of the city goes back to the days of Nimrod, the ” mighty hunter in opposition to Jehovah.’ He went foth into Assyria and set himself to building Nineveh.” ( Gen. 10:9 -11) Nineveh had a bad beginning. She became specially renowned during the reign of Sargon, Sennacherib, Esar-haddon and Ashurbanipal, in the closing period of the Assyria Empire.
By wars Nineveh enriched herself with loot and became famed on account of the cruel, in human treatment that her rules meted out to the multitude of captives. it was said by C. W. Ceram on page 266 of his book Gods, Graves and Scholars ( 1954): ” Nineveh was impressed on the consciousness of mankind by murder, plunder, suppression ,and the violation of the weak; by the deeds of a sanguinary dynasty of rulers who held down held down the people by terror and who often were liquidated by rivals more ferocious than themselves.”
`What of Nineveh’s religion ? She worshiped a great pantheon of gods, many of whom were ported from Babylon. Her rulers invoke these gods as they went out to destroy and exterminate, and her greedy priests egged her campaigns of conquest on, looking forward to rich repayment from the booty. In his book Ancient Cities ( 1886, page 25),W.B Wright says: ” They worship ed Colossal idols of stone, lions and bulls whose ponderous limbs, eagle wings, and human heads were symbols of strength, courage, and victory.
Fighting were was the business of the nation, and the priests were incessant formenters of war. They were supported largely from the spoils of conquest, of before others shared, for this race of plunders was excessively religious.”