The Bible book of Obadiah was written by Obadiah, in the year c. 607 B.C.E. In just 21 verses, Obadiah, the shortest book of the Hebrews Scriptures, proclaim a Judgement of God that resulted in the end of a nation, while foretelling the eventual triumph of the Kingdom of God. The introductory words simply state: ”
The vision of Obadiah. ” When and where he was born, of what tribe, the details of his life- none of this is told. Clearly, the identity of the prophet is not the important thing; the message is, and rightly so, because as Obadiah himself declared, it is a ‘ a report from Jehovah.’
The report focuses its chief attention on Edom. Extending south from the dead sea along the Arabah, the land of Edom, also known as Mount Seir, is a rugged country of Lofty Mountains and deep ravines. At some point, the mountainous range to the east of the Arabah reaches an altitude of 5,600 feet. The district of Teman was renowned for the wisdom and courage of its people,. The very geography of the land of Edom, with it natural defenses, made its inhabitants feel secure and proud.
The Edomites were descendants of Esau, the brother of Jacob. Jacob’s name was changed to Israel, and so the Edomites we re closely related to the Israelite’s; so much so that they were viewed ‘brothers’. ( Deut. 23:7) Yet the Edom’s conduct had been anything but brotherly. Shortly before the Israelite’s entered the Promised Land, Moses sent to the king of Edom requesting permission to pass peaceably, the Edomites coldly refused and backed up their refusal with a display force. ( Num. 20: 14-21).
Though after their refusal, they later conspired with Ammon and Moab against Jehoshaphat’s son King Jehoram, took charge of Israelite captives from Gaza and Tyre, and raided Judah in the days of King Ahaz to take more captives. ( 2 Chron. 20: 1,2 ,22,23; 2Ki. 8:20-22; Amos 1:6,7 ; 2 Chron. 28 17)
This hostility reached a peak in 607 B.C.E.
When Jerusalem was desolated by the Babylonian hordes. Not only did the Edomites watch approvingly but urged on the conquerors to make the desolation complete. ” Ly it bare! Lay it bare to the foundation with in it! they shouted. ( Ps. 137:7). Israel own brothers from Edom stood against them , they assisted the Enemy to fight against the Israelite and even share the booty from the Israelite’s among themselves.
Finally, they were captured and plundered by Nebuchadnezzar after five years of Jerusalem destruction.Amos might had written the book before then.